November 17th 2018


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Articles from this issue:

COVER STORY An election-winning policy: a development bank for Australia

VICTORIAN ELECTION The left gets ready to scream 'haters!'

CANBERRA OBSERVED Nats fracas points up need for vigilance

NATIONAL AFFAIRS Divisions undermine Morrison's leadership

SOCIETY UNDER THREAT The time is now for a real deal for the family

NCC SYDNEY DINNER Speakers spark keenness for a challenging 2019

NORTHERN DEVELOPMENT Aborigines hope to benefit in Kimberley development

CLIMATE CHANGE Rising sea levels? Pacific island data says 'no'

ROYAL COMMISSION Big banks shaken and stirred in their swamp

U.S. HISTORY Slavery: a yet unresolved legacy

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS The U.S. and China: more than trade is at stake

SOCIETY UNDER THREAT Partisan divide must vanish for defence of civilisational foundation: Christianity

MUSIC ABBA live: just not in person or on stage

CINEMA Coco: Family and home trump 'identity'

BOOK REVIEW Remnant hopes for post-Brexit Britain

BOOK REVIEW The Great War, raw and uncensored

HUMOUR A few more snippets from Forget's Dictionary of Inaccurate Facts, Furphys and Falsehoods

POETRY

LETTERS

Books promotion page

BEYOND OUR MEANS:
Why America Spends While the World Saves

Sheldon Garon

$39.90


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by Sheldon Garon

(Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2013)
Paperback: 488 pages
ISBN: 9780691159584
Price: AUD$39.90

 

Book description

If the financial crisis has taught us anything, it is that Americans save too little, spend too much and borrow excessively. What can we learn from East Asian and European countries that have fostered enduring cultures of thrift over the past two centuries?

Beyond Our Means tells for the first time how other nations aggressively encouraged their citizens to save by means of special savings institutions and savings campaigns. The U.S. government, meanwhile, promoted mass consumption and reliance on credit, culminating in the global financial meltdown.

Many economists believe people save according to universally rational calculations, saving the most in their middle years as they plan for retirement, and saving the least in welfare states. In reality, Europeans save at high rates despite generous welfare programs and ageing populations. Americans save little, despite weaker social safety nets and a younger population.

Tracing the development of such behaviours across three continents from the 19th century to today, this book highlights the role of institutions and moral suasion in shaping habits of saving and spending. It shows how the encouragement of thrift was not a relic of indigenous traditions but a modern movement to confront rising consumption. Around the world, messages to save and spend wisely confronted citizens everywhere — in schools, magazines and novels. At the same time, in America, businesses and government normalised practices of living beyond one’s means.

Transnational history at its most compelling, Beyond Our Means reveals why some nations save so much and others so little.

 

About the author

Sheldon Garon is the Nissan Professor of History and East Asian Studies at Princeton University. He is the author of Molding Japanese Minds: The State in Everyday Life (Princeton) and co-editor of The Ambivalent Consumer: Questioning Consumption in East Asia and the West.

 

Endorsements

“[A] very important book for critics of capitalism…. Garon explains in an ambitious book that roams across centuries and continents … why much of Europe and Asia embraced, and stuck with, a savings culture while the U.S. first adopted and then abandoned one. It’s intriguing social history.” — Stephen Matchett, The Australian

“Professor Garon offers brilliant scholarship, engaging reading, and some practical insights for dealing with our current financial crisis worldwide. An insightful and provocative book that … will be a unique and important volume for historians, policy-makers and the general public.” — Claude Ury, San Francisco Book Review

“Garon makes a powerful case that savings isn’t about culture. It’s policy…. You’ll think about savings policies differently after [you] pick up a copy of Beyond Our Means.” — Christopher Farrell, economics editor of Marketplace Money

“How the Anglo-world came to live ‘beyond their means … while the world saves’ is the big question of Sheldon Garon’s fascinating book. It could not be more timely. Readers who worry that it might be too technical, do not fear. This is a history of flesh and blood, as Garon reclaims the topic from the economists. Facts and figures are surrounded by real people and rich illustrations that convey how passionate societies came to be about saving. Postal saving has never been so sexy.” — Frank Trentmann, BBC History Magazine

“This is an important and timely book. It effectively makes the case for viewing savings behaviour neither as primarily a cultural trait nor one produced by market forces, but as something fundamentally shaped by policy, politics and institutions. Beyond Our Means is an uncommon pleasure to read.” — Andrew Gordon, author of The Wages of Affluence

Beyond Our Means shows that we need more than economics and psychology to determine how societies save and spend. Garon reveals the history of farsighted reformers, politicians and bankers who actively shaped the norms, incentives and institutions that turned rising earners into savers. He delivers strong lessons for those who worry about today’s overspent America.” — Jonathan Morduch, New York University


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