March 26th 2016

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Articles from this issue:

ROYAL COMMISSION INTO SEXUAL ABUSE: J'accuse...! A travesty of justice

CANBERRA OBSERVED Turnbull's grand plan coming apart it seems

EDITORIAL Defence White Paper: rhetoric outpaces action


DOMESTIC AND FAMILY VIOLENCE Is not family breakdown the real issue?

ECONOMICS Oil offers resistance to free market's operation

HISTORY OF TAIWAN Kaohsiung Incident opens road to democracy

LAW AND SOCIETY Section 18C may render all speech "inoffensive"

VICTORIAN PARLIAMENT Risk to democracy, rights in health complaints bill

RESEARCH Transgenderism: treat it as a mental illness

MUSIC In deliberate pursuit of accidental sounds: Arve Henriksen

CINEMA AND SOCIETY Hollywood writes in "hero" part for Trumbo

CINEMA Hailing the Golden Era: Hail Caesar!

BOOK REVIEW Diminished expectations

BOOK REVIEW 12 million refugees

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ROYAL COMMISSION INTO SEXUAL ABUSE: J'accuse...! A travesty of justice

by Peter Westmore

News Weekly, March 26, 2016

ROME: Over four long nights, I have sat through many hours of accusations by counsel assisting the Royal Commission into Child Sexual Abuse, Gail Furness SC, that Cardinal George Pell was complicit in or covered up the disgusting sexual abuse of children in Ballarat where he served for many years as a priest, then in Melbourne as an auxiliary to Archbishop Frank Little from 1987.

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Cardinal Pell was directly and repeatedly accused of lying to the commission, of covering up evidence of sexual abuse of children, and of blame-shifting to exonerate himself.

These allegations were broadcast live on television and online to Australia, were featured in press, radio and TV coverage, and formed the basis of the most damaging allegations of criminal activity and impropriety against a religious leader that I have heard in my life.

Cardinal Pell’s repeated denials were mocked and ridiculed. He was subject to vicious character assassination arising from these allegations in the Australian media, particularly social media.

It was only in the last half-hour of these four days of evidence that Cardinal Pell’s legal representative in Sydney was able to tender evidence to the commission which demolished any suggestion that he personally knew of sexual abuse in Ballarat, or had stood by while the perpetrators – including priests and brothers – were able to molest children in Ballarat, and later in Melbourne.

This evidence was given after 2am Rome time after most of the journalists in Rome covering the story had left to get some sleep.

The evidence led at this early hour of the morning by Cardinal Pell’s legal representative included affidavits and diary entries which were relevant to the accusations made against him. These were potentially available to the commission itself, so if had had done its job, these would have been led by the commission.

The first referred to the notorious paedophile, Gerald Ridsdale, who is now serving a lengthy term of imprisonment for raping and molesting many children in various parishes in Ballarat where he had been assigned by the then bishop of Ballarat, Ronald Mulkearns.

Cardinal Pell’s counsel referred to a witness named Dr Peter Evans, a psychiatrist, who gave evidence that he had Ridsdale as a patient briefly in the 1970s. According to Dr Evans, he was later visited by police who told him that they did not intend to charge Ridsdale with child sexual abuse, but they believed he had been involved in some abuse of children.

The point was clear: if the police did not have evidence about Ridsdale that warranted his prosecution, why should Cardinal Pell have known about it, let alone had any share of responsibility?

His counsel then tabled a document which the Cardinal wrote to his bishop in 1979, reporting his study leave from May to August that year. In this letter to Bishop Mulkearns, dated 25 September 1979, he said he had been asked to become editor of the diocesan magazine, Light. He expressed reluctance to take the position because of his other commitments.

Asked what these commitments were, Cardinal Pell said he held a full-time position as head of Aquinas College, Ballarat.

Asked about his role at Aquinas College, he explained that it was a full-time job. Additionally, from the time of his appointment to the Institute of Catholic Education (ICE), a body which spanned campuses across Victoria, he spent an average of two days a week in Melbourne.

He was also questioned about diary entries which show that on the same day that one of his complainants had allegedly met him in the Cathedral presbytery in Ballarat, he was lecturing in the morning at Aquinas College, attending ICE meetings in Melbourne in the afternoon, and attending another meeting in Ballarat in the evening.

Cardinal Pell added that he was not living at the Cathedral presbytery, visited it infrequently, and had not been there on the day in question.

Cardinal Pell was asked whether he had ever visited Fr Ridsdale in any of his parish postings. In every case, he said he had not, and in fact, he had never been to Inglewood or Edenhope, towns where Ridsdale had been the subject of repeated complaints of sexual misconduct from parents.

He also tendered a statement from a young priest in Ballarat at the time who, like Cardinal Pell, had been a consultor to the bishop and had attended regular consultors’ meetings at which the appointment of parish priests was confirmed.

This priest said that in his view, the business at the consultors’ meetings had often clearly been predetermined beforehand, while Bishop Mulkearns was extremely secretive about clergy matters, presenting the consultors with faits accomplis.

In relation to his time as an auxiliary bishop in Melbourne, Cardinal Pell was accused of covering up the misconduct and sexual abuse of a priest from the Doveton parish, Fr Searson. Cardinal Pell had earlier said that he had never been told by the then Archbishop of Melbourne, Archbishop Little, of complaints of sexual abuse against Searson over many years.

He also said he had not been properly briefed by the Catholic Education Office, which had responsibility for administration and staffing of Catholic schools, regarding its knowledge of Fr Searson.

Cardinal Pell’s legal counsel tendered earlier evidence to the royal commission from the then head of the Catholic Education Office, Fr Tom Doyle, that he had been unable to persuade Archbishop Little to remove or discipline Fr Searson.

Fr Doyle said in evidence that he had approached the Vicar-General, who had been unable to help. He explicitly confirmed that he had not approached the auxiliary bishops, including Bishop Pell (as he then was), as they were outside the chain of command and would have had no influence on the Archbishop.

There was further evidence in relation to a meeting that then Bishop Pell had with a group of teachers at the Catholic primary school in Doveton. At this meeting, the teachers at the school, who had made written complaints about the priest’s misconduct, suggested that the priest be given “a second chance”.

While he had deep misgivings about Fr Searson, Cardinal Pell said he had no grounds to recommend his removal. However, he had taken the quite unusual step at the time of speaking to both the Vicar-General and to the Archbishop, both of whom had administrative authority over Fr Searson, about the complaints.

Although Cardinal Pell did not know it then, it has since become clear that both the Archbishop and the Vicar-General were well aware of prior complaints about Fr Searson.

Counsel then tabled documents showing that after his appointment as Archbishop of Melbourne, Dr Pell had forcibly removed Fr Searson as parish priest, after an inquiry by the Church’s internal disciplinary body established by Dr Pell, despite the priest’s strong opposition.

The priest subsequently appealed his removal to Rome. However, Archbishop Pell stuck by his guns and insisted on Fr Searson’s removal. No more was heard from Rome on the matter.

Presumption of innocence bypassed

The way these proceedings were conducted raise fundamental doubts over the commission’s processes.

While royal commissions are not courts of law and are not bound by the rules of evidence, they are nonetheless expected to apply the presumption of innocence to any person against whom allegations are made.

In this case, Cardinal Pell was faced with the exact opposite: the presumption of guilt.

Was it accidental that evidence exonerating Cardinal Pell was ignored by counsel assisting the royal commission, Gail Furness SC, a Sydney barrister?

If a laudatory report published in The Sydney Morning Herald is to be believed, I think not.

This article said: “Not all eyes have been on Cardinal George Pell this week as he revisited his early years as a Ballarat priest. They have also been on the woman tasked with taking him there.

“Gail Furness SC, has worked full-time as counsel assisting the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse since it was established in 2012, and played a key role in helping commissioners decide how to approach their broad terms of reference.” (March 2, 2016, my emphasis)

The article added: “Behind the scenes, Ms Furness also helps manage the commission’s staff, working with a small team of solicitors from the Australian Government Solicitor to gather evidence about institutions spanning decades, and decide on witnesses. A senior source close to the commission likened their role to that of the investigative journalists in the movie Spotlight.”

Not referred to by Ms Furness was the fact that in both Ballarat and Melbourne, there were literally hundreds of people closer to the abusers than was Cardinal Pell.

Quite apart from both Bishop Mulkearns in Ballarat and Archbishop Little in Melbourne, who both clearly knew of the abuses, why did the police not investigate and prosecute child molesters over many years? Where were the parents while all this was going on?

What about other priests in parishes where Ridsdale was committing his terrible crimes? Or priests in adjoining parishes?

None of these questions has been asked. Far easier to shaft Cardinal Pell.

An irony upon which no one has yet commented is that all this happened in Rome, where Christians were once before unjustly accused, found guilty after a show trial, and then fed to the lions.

The headline, J’accuse …!, echoes the opening of an open letter French writer Emile Zola wrote in 1898 in defence of Alfred Dreyfus, who had been incarcerated on Devil’s Island for espionage after a trial that Zola contended formed part of an anti-Semitic cover-up by the French government.


Please also see Anne Lastman, Goebbels revisited: the attack on Cardinal Pell


Abuse royal commission counsel has acted incorrectly

Under this headline, The Australian carried this letter, dated March 5, 2016.


During the conduct of a royal commission it is the role of counsel assisting solely to help the commission identify the facts of the matters and obtain information that may assist members of the commission in reaching their conclusions.

It is not the role of counsel assisting to form judgments, reach conclusions, express personal opinions, intimidate witnesses, or express belief or disbelief in their testimony. The counsel assisting is the servant of the royal commission.

These standards and code of conduct have not been apparent during the Royal Commission into Institutionalised Responses to Child Sexual Abuse and particularly during the questioning of Cardinal George Pell by counsel assisting.

A royal commission is the most powerful instrument of inquiry in our system of governance and so must behave impeccably and responsibly at all times.

In this case, it is clear that victims involved have suffered considerable trauma and distress, and because of their suffering many have expressed a desire to see someone suffer in return as an attainment of justice. This is an understandable human reaction, but it is not a basis on which to conduct a royal commission.

Kenneth Wiltshire, professor of public administration,
University of Queensland Business School

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